International Classification of the Figurative Elements of Marks (Vienna Classification)
   

Preface

Vienna Agreement

Recommendations

Guidance for the User

Table of Categories

Table of Categories and Divisions, with Explanatory Notes

General remarks

Figurative element examples

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Categories, Divisions and Sections with Explanatory Notes
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TABLE OF CATEGORIES AND DIVISIONS, WITH EXPLANATORY NOTES
CATEGORY 1.

CELESTIAL BODIES, NATURAL PHENOMENA, GEOGRAPHICAL MAPS

1.1

STARS, COMETS

 
Note: (a) Including stars which indicate military rank.
 (b) Not including sparks (1.15.7), star-shaped throwing weapons such as ninja stars (23.1.25), the Star of David (24.11.15) and asterisks (24.17.3).
1.3

SUN

 
Note: Not including representations of the sun consisting solely of a disk without rays, which will be placed in the appropriate sections of division 26.1.
1.5

EARTH, TERRESTRIAL GLOBES, PLANETS

1.7

MOON

 
Note: Including representations of the moon with star(s).
1.11

CONSTELLATIONS, GROUPS OF STARS, STARRY SKY, CELESTIAL GLOBES, CELESTIAL MAPS

1.13

ARMILLARY SPHERES, PLANETARIA, ASTRONOMIC ORBITS, ATOMIC MODELS, MOLECULAR MODELS

1.15

NATURAL PHENOMENA

 
Note: Not including sets of lines evoking sound or electromagnetic waves (A 26.11.22).
1.17

GEOGRAPHICAL MAPS, PLANISPHERES

 
Note: Not including maps of the world in two hemispheres (1.5.1).
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CATEGORY 2.

HUMAN BEINGS

 
Note: (a) Inscriptions representing a human being will be placed in 27.3.1.
 (b) Heads will be placed in the appropriate sections of divisions 2.1, 2.3, 2.5 or 2.7, and not in 2.9.25.
2.1

MEN

2.3

WOMEN

2.5

CHILDREN

 
Note: Not including adolescents, classified in divisions 2.1, 2.3 or 2.7.
2.7

MIXED GROUPS, SCENES

 
Note: (a) A mixed group means a group of men, women and/or children. A group composed of men, of women or of children will be placed in the appropriate sections of divisions 2.1, 2.3 or 2.5.
 (b) However, any group, whatever its composition, which gives the impr
2.9

PARTS OF THE HUMAN BODY, SKELETONS, SKULLS

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CATEGORY 3.

ANIMALS

 
Note: (a) Heads of quadrupeds and of quadrumana will be placed in the appropriate sections of divisions 3.1 to 3.5 and not in 3.6.25.
 (b) Written or typographical matter representing an animal is classified under 27.3.3.
3.1

QUADRUPEDS (SERIES I)

3.2

QUADRUPEDS (SERIES II)

3.3

QUADRUPEDS (SERIES III)

3.4

QUADRUPEDS (SERIES IV)

3.5

QUADRUPEDS (SERIES V), QUADRUMANA

3.6

PARTS OF THE BODIES, SKELETONS, SKULLS OF QUADRUPEDS OR OF QUADRUMANA

3.7

BIRDS, BATS

3.9

AQUATIC ANIMALS, SCORPIONS

 
Note: Not including aquatic animals of divisions 3.7, 3.11 or 3.13.
3.11

REPTILES, AMPHIBIA, SNAILS, SEALS, SEA LIONS

3.13

INSECTS, SPIDERS, MICRO-ORGANISMS

3.15

OTHER ANIMALS; LARGE PREHISTORIC ANIMALS

 
Note: Not including fabulous animals of divisions 4.3 and 4.7.
3.17

GROUPS OF ANIMALS CLASSIFIED IN DIFFERENT DIVISIONS OF CATEGORY 3

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CATEGORY 4.

SUPERNATURAL, FABULOUS, FANTASTIC OR UNIDENTIFIABLE BEINGS

 
Note: Not including human beings and fantastic animals composed of letters or figures and classified in the appropriate sections of division 27.3.
4.1

WINGED OR HORNED PERSONAGES

4.2

BEINGS PARTLY HUMAN AND PARTLY ANIMAL

4.3

FABULOUS ANIMALS

4.5

PLANTS, OBJECTS OR GEOMETRICAL FIGURES REPRESENTING A PERSONAGE OR AN ANIMAL; MASKS OR FANTASTIC OR UNIDENTIFIABLE HEADS

4.7

GROUPS OF FIGURATIVE ELEMENTS CLASSIFIED IN DIFFERENT DIVISIONS OF CATEGORY 4

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CATEGORY 5.

PLANTS

5.1

TREES, BUSHES

5.3

LEAVES, NEEDLES, BRANCHES WITH LEAVES OR NEEDLES

5.5

FLOWERS, BLOSSOMS

 
Note: Including heraldic flowers.
5.7

GRAIN, SEEDS, FRUITS

5.9

VEGETABLES

5.11

OTHER PLANTS

5.13

DECORATIONS MADE OF PLANTS

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CATEGORY 6.

LANDSCAPES

6.1

MOUNTAINS, ROCKS, GROTTOES

6.3

LANDSCAPES WITH WATER, RIVER OR STREAM

 
Note: Not including urban landscapes or village scenes with water, river or stream (6.7.11).
6.6

DESERT OR TROPICAL-TYPE LANDSCAPES

6.7

URBAN LANDSCAPES OR VILLAGE SCENES

6.19

OTHER LANDSCAPES

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CATEGORY 7.

CONSTRUCTIONS, STRUCTURES FOR ADVERTISEMENTS, GATES OR BARRIERS

7.1

DWELLINGS, BUILDINGS, ADVERTISEMENT HOARDINGS OR PILLARS, CAGES OR KENNELS FOR ANIMALS

7.3

PARTS OF DWELLINGS OR OF BUILDINGS, INTERIORS

7.5

MONUMENTS, STADIUMS, FOUNTAINS

7.11

STRUCTURAL WORKS

7.15

BUILDING MATERIALS, WALLS, GATES OR BARRIERS, SCAFFOLDING

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CATEGORY 8.

FOODSTUFFS

8.1

BAKERS’ PRODUCTS, PASTRY, CONFECTIONERY, CHOCOLATE

8.3

MILK, DAIRY PRODUCTS, CHEESES

8.5

BUTCHERS’ MEAT, PORK PRODUCTS, FISHMONGERS’ PRODUCTS

8.7

OTHER FOODSTUFFS

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CATEGORY 9.

TEXTILES, CLOTHING, SEWING ACCESSORIES, HEADWEAR, FOOTWEAR

9.1

TEXTILES OTHER THAN CLOTHING, SHUTTLES

9.3

CLOTHING

 
Note: Not including headwear (9.7) and footwear (9.9).
9.5

SEWING ACCESSORIES, PATTERNS FOR DRESSMAKING

9.7

HEADWEAR

9.9

FOOTWEAR

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CATEGORY 10.

TOBACCO, SMOKERS' REQUISITES, MATCHES, TRAVEL GOODS, FANS, TOILET ARTICLES

10.1

TOBACCO, SMOKERS’ REQUISITES, MATCHES

10.3

TRAVEL GOODS, FANS, BAGS

10.5

TOILET ARTICLES, MIRRORS

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CATEGORY 11.

HOUSEHOLD UTENSILS

 
Note: Not including household utensils classified in categories 12, 13 or 19.
11.1

KNIVES, FORKS AND SPOONS, KITCHEN UTENSILS AND MACHINES

11.3

CONTAINERS FOR BEVERAGES, PLATES AND DISHES, KITCHEN UTENSILS FOR SERVING, PREPARING OR COOKING FOOD OR DRINK

 
Note: Not including kitchen utensils classified in 11.1.
11.7

OTHER HOUSEHOLD UTENSILS

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CATEGORY 12.

FURNITURE, SANITARY INSTALLATIONS

12.1

FURNITURE

 
Note: Including office furniture.
12.3

SANITARY INSTALLATIONS

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CATEGORY 13.

LIGHTING, WIRELESS VALVES, HEATING, COOKING OR REFRIGERATING EQUIPMENT, WASHING MACHINES, DRYING EQUIPMENT

13.1

LIGHTING, WIRELESS VALVES

13.3

HEATING, COOKING OR REFRIGERATING EQUIPMENT, WASHING MACHINES, DRYING EQUIPMENT

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CATEGORY 14.

IRONMONGERY, TOOLS, LADDERS

14.1

TUBES, CABLES, HEAVY IRONMONGERY ARTICLES

 
Note: Including representations of non-metallic ironmongery articles.
14.3

SMALL IRONMONGERY ARTICLES, SPRINGS

14.5

KEYS FOR LOCKS, LOCKS, PADLOCKS

14.7

TOOLS

 
Note: (a) Including handles.
 (b) Not including agricultural or horticultural implements classified in division 14.9.
14.9

AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS, ICE AXES

14.11

LADDERS

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CATEGORY 15.

MACHINERY, MOTORS, ENGINES

15.1

MACHINES FOR INDUSTRY OR AGRICULTURE, INDUSTRIAL INSTALLATIONS, MOTORS, ENGINES, VARIOUS MECHANICAL APPLIANCES

 
Note: Not including machines for household use and spinning wheels (15.3) or office machines (15.5).
15.3

MACHINES FOR HOUSEHOLD USE, SPINNING WHEELS

15.5

 
Note: Not including fax machines, printers, scanners, photocopiers (A 16.1.12).
15.7

WHEELS, BEARINGS

15.9

ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT

 
Note: Not including electric lamps and wireless valves (13.1.6) or electric cables (14.1.5).
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CATEGORY 16.

TELECOMMUNICATIONS, SOUND RECORDING OR REPRODUCTION, COMPUTERS, PHOTOGRAPHY, CINEMATOGRAPHY, OPTICS

16.1

TELECOMMUNICATIONS, SOUND RECORDING OR REPRODUCTION, COMPUTERS

16.3

PHOTOGRAPHY, CINEMATOGRAPHY, OPTICS

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CATEGORY 17.

HOROLOGICAL INSTRUMENTS, JEWELRY, WEIGHTS AND MEASURES

17.1

HOROLOGICAL AND OTHER TIME-MEASURING INSTRUMENTS

17.2

JEWELRY

17.3

BALANCES, WEIGHTS

17.5

MEASURES

 
Note: Including calculating instruments.
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CATEGORY 18.

TRANSPORT, EQUIPMENT FOR ANIMALS

18.1

LAND VEHICLES

18.2

EQUIPMENT FOR ANIMALS

18.3

VEHICLES FOR USE ON WATER AND AMPHIBIOUS VEHICLES

18.4

ANCHORS; BUOYS OR LIFEBELTS

18.5

AERIAL OR SPACE VEHICLES

18.7

TRAFFIC SIGNS AND INDICATOR BOARDS

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CATEGORY 19.

CONTAINERS AND PACKING, REPRESENTATIONS OF MISCELLANEOUS PRODUCTS

19.1

LARGE CONTAINERS

 
Note: Not including containers classified in 19.9.
19.3

SMALL CONTAINERS

 
Note: Not including containers classified in 11.3, 19.7, 19.9 or 19.11.
19.7

BOTTLES, FLASKS

19.8

PARTS OR ACCESSORIES OF BOTTLES

19.9

AMPHORAE, PITCHERS, VASES, FLOWER POTS, FLOWER STANDS

19.10

COFFINS, FUNERARY URNS

19.11

RECEPTACLES FOR LABORATORY USE AND FOR PHARMACY

19.13

MEDICAL OR SURGICAL APPARATUS, INSTRUMENTS OR UTENSILS, PROSTHESES, MEDICINES

19.19

REPRESENTATIONS OF MISCELLANEOUS PRODUCTS

 
Note: Includes all representations of products not classified in other categories, divisions and sections, such as coal, coke, briquettes, ingots.
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CATEGORY 20.

WRITING, DRAWING OR PAINTING MATERIALS, OFFICE REQUISITES, STATIONERY AND BOOKSELLERS' GOODS

20.1

WRITING, DRAWING OR PAINTING MATERIALS, SMALL OFFICE REQUISITES

20.5

PAPERS, DOCUMENTS

20.7

BOOKS, BOOKBINDINGS, NEWSPAPERS

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CATEGORY 21.

GAMES, TOYS, SPORTING ARTICLES, ROUNDABOUTS

21.1

GAMES, TOYS

21.3

SPORTING ARTICLES, ROUNDABOUTS

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CATEGORY 22.

MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS AND THEIR ACCESSORIES, MUSIC ACCESSORIES, BELLS, PICTURES, SCULPTURES

22.1

MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, MUSICAL INSTRUMENT ACCESSORIES, MUSIC ACCESSORIES

22.3

BELLS

22.5

PICTURES, SCULPTURES

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CATEGORY 23.

ARMS, AMMUNITION, ARMOUR

 
Note: Not including military tanks (18.1.14), military aircraft (18.5.1) and warships, which are classified in division 18.3.
23.1

SIDE ARMS, OTHER WEAPONS NOT BEING FIREARMS

23.3

FIREARMS, AMMUNITION, EXPLOSIVES

23.5

ARMOUR

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CATEGORY 24.

HERALDRY, COINS, EMBLEMS, SYMBOLS

24.1

SHIELDS

24.3

SEALS, STAMPS

24.5

MEDALS, COINS, DECORATIONS, ORDERS

24.7

FLAGS

24.9

CROWNS, DIADEMS

24.11

EMBLEMS, INSIGNIA

24.13

CROSSES

24.15

ARROWS

 
Note: Including darts.
24.17

SIGNS, NOTATIONS, SYMBOLS

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CATEGORY 25.

ORNAMENTAL MOTIFS, SURFACES OR BACKGROUNDS WITH ORNAMENTS

25.1

ORNAMENTAL MOTIFS

 
Note: Not including ornamental motifs composed of plants, which are classified in division 5.13, or horizontally elongated ornamental surfaces, which are classified in division 25.3.
25.3

HORIZONTALLY ELONGATED ORNAMENTAL SURFACES

 
Note: Not including elongated elliptical surfaces, which are classified in division 26.1, elongated triangular surfaces, which are classified in division 26.3, or elongated quadrilateral surfaces, which are classified in division 26.4.
25.5

BACKGROUNDS DIVIDED INTO TWO OR FOUR

 
Note: Includes backgrounds divided into two or four by lines or bands or by areas of different appearance.
25.7

SURFACES OR BACKGROUNDS COVERED WITH REPEATED GEOMETRICAL FIGURES, FIGURATIVE ELEMENTS OR INSCRIPTIONS

25.12

SURFACES OR BACKGROUNDS COVERED WITH OTHER ORNAMENTS

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CATEGORY 26.

GEOMETRICAL FIGURES AND SOLIDS

 
Note: (a) Including geometrical figures and solids composed of human beings, animals, plants or objects.
 (b) Not including inscriptions forming geometrical figures, which are classified in division 27.1.
26.1

CIRCLES, ELLIPSES

26.2

SEGMENTS OR SECTORS OF CIRCLES OR ELLIPSES

26.3

TRIANGLES, LINES FORMING AN ANGLE

26.4

QUADRILATERALS

26.5

OTHER POLYGONS

 
Note: Not including elongated polygons (25.3.1).
26.7

DIFFERENT GEOMETRICAL FIGURES, JUXTAPOSED, JOINED OR INTERSECTING

26.11

LINES, BANDS

 
Note: Not including lines or bands forming an angle (26.3.23).
26.13

OTHER GEOMETRICAL FIGURES, INDEFINABLE DESIGNS

26.15

GEOMETRICAL SOLIDS

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CATEGORY 27.

FORMS OF WRITING, NUMERALS

27.1

LETTERS OR NUMERALS FORMING GEOMETRICAL FIGURES, WRITTEN OR TYPOGRAPHICAL MATTER IN PERSPECTIVE

 
Note: Includes both a single letter or a single numeral and a group of letters or a group of numerals.
27.3

LETTERS OR NUMERALS REPRESENTING A HUMAN BEING, AN ANIMAL, A PLANT, A HEAVENLY BODY, A NATURAL PHENOMENON OR AN OBJECT

 
Note: (a) Includes also punctuation marks representing a human being, an animal, a plant, a heavenly body, a natural phenomenon or an object.
 (b) Includes both a single letter, a single numeral or a single punctuation mark and a group of letters, a group of num
27.5

LETTERS PRESENTING A SPECIAL FORM OF WRITING

 
Note: Includes both one or more letters and a series of letters forming a word.
27.7

NUMERALS PRESENTING A SPECIAL FORM OF WRITING

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CATEGORY 28.

INSCRIPTIONS IN VARIOUS CHARACTERS

 
Note: Naturally, no account should be taken, in a given country, of the divisions relating to inscriptions in characters normally used in that country. In such cases, the inscriptions constitute word marks.
28.1

INSCRIPTIONS IN ARABIC CHARACTERS

28.3

INSCRIPTIONS IN CHINESE, JAPANESE OR KOREAN CHARACTERS

28.5

INSCRIPTIONS IN CYRILLIC CHARACTERS

28.7

INSCRIPTIONS IN GREEK CHARACTERS

28.9

INSCRIPTIONS IN HEBREW CHARACTERS

28.11

INSCRIPTIONS IN LATIN CHARACTERS

28.17

INSCRIPTIONS IN HISTORICAL, CUNEIFORM OR HIEROGLYPHIC CHARACTERS

28.19

INSCRIPTIONS IN OTHER CHARACTERS

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CATEGORY 29.

COLOURS

29.1

COLOURS

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